Chiltern State Forest
3 hours north-east of Melbourne. See a range of box-ironbark species, including Regent Honeyeater, Diamond Firetail, Turquoise Parrot, Painted Honeyeater.
Cabbage Tree Palms, near Marlo
4½ hours east of Melbourne. At Orbost, take turnoff to Marlo, and then at Marlo, head to Cape Conran; look out for the sign-posted road to Cabbage Trees on your right. See warm, temperate rainforest species, as well as fruit-eating pigeons when palms are fruiting, including Topknot Pigeon, Azure Kingfisher, Wonga Pigeon.
Western Treatment Plant, Werribee
30 minutes south-west of Melbourne. See wide range of shorebirds and waterfowl in great numbers; also Orange-bellied Parrots in winter. Permit required for entry.
90 minutes south-west of Melbourne. Drive 10 minutes past Torquay and turn left at signpost after Bells Beach turn-off. See passing seabirds from the cliffs, or see Rufous Bristlebirds, Chestnut-rumped Heathwrens, Southern Emu-wrens in heathy woodland of hinterland.
Hattah Kulkyne National Park
5½ hours north-west of Melbourne; 4½ hours east of Adelaide. See a range of mallee and river red gum specialists, including Mallee Emu-wren, Regent Parrot, Striated Grasswren, and many waterbirds.
Banyule Flats Reserve, Viewbank
25 minutes north-east of Melbourne CBD. From Rosanna Road, turn into Banyule Road, and then left into Somerset Drive. For the best birdwatching results, follow the dirt track past the billabong (don’t use the main Yarra Trail — there are too many people and cyclists). See numerous waterfowl in the billabong and adjacent river, as well as Latham’s Snipe, resident waders, crakes and rails. Also look for Crested Shrike-tits and Mistletoebirds in the River Red Gums. This is one of the few places in Melbourne where you may find a Red-whiskered Bulbul.
Rifle Range Reserve, Smiths Gully
1 hour north-east of Melbourne CBD. Head north-east along Kangaroo Ground–St Andrews Road, and 3 kilometres past Panton Hill, turn right into Clintons Road, and then immediately left onto Smiths Gully Road. Then turn left into Salters Rush Road, and right into Rifle Range Road. Park at the locked gate. See White-winged Choughs and a variety of other bush birds.